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TA-4J Skyhawk

by Everett McEwan

 

TA-4J Skyhawk

 


 Hasegawa's 1/48 scale A-4E Skyhawk is available online from Squadron.com

 

Introduction

 

As part of my IMPS chapter's ongoing A-4 Skyhawk group build, I had to build a TA-4J in 1/48th, problem is there is no current kit or decals of this plane which means I was going to have to do some kitbashing.

Because of it's excellent detail and accuracy, the 1/48 scale Hasegawa A-4 kits was chosen by my IMPS chapter (in Denver CO) as the basis for the project.

 

 

I decided to use a Monogram OA-4M kit I picked up at a kit swap (just re-released though in Japan under Hasegawa boxing) to provide the parts for a two seater (especially the canopy). I did look for the old Fujimi TA-4J kit but it has long since been discontinued.

 

 

Construction

 

To help me with the conversion I also picked up the Missing link TA-4J conversion set designed for the Monogram kit (from Roll Models) and the Eduard PE set for the old Fujimi kit. Both of these sets ended up not being used for very much, but still provided important parts that would have been hard to scratchbuild.

After collecting all the right parts I sat down to cut and build.

 

 

In order to use as much of the Hasegawa kit as possible I cut the fuselage just forward of the intake hole (where the intake kit part goes) and just behind the front cockpit hood (which would prove wrong, but more on that latter). And then I laid parts on top of the Monogram fuselage and drew an outline of the area that I would be inserting in between the Hasegawa parts.

Next came a lot of super glue and sanding, constantly checking that the two halves matched and bracing the back sides of the parts.

Click the thumbnails below to view larger images:


One area that was difficult was the pipe that runs along the right hand side from the IFR probe back, when I put the Monogram part in place, the pipe size did not match up at all. I sanded the Monogram pipe off and then using plasticard (the flat raised area under it) and plastic tubbing (both evergreen stock) built up a new pipe that better matched the Hasegawa pipe (some filling/sanding was needed at the join). I also began to look at the cockpit parts. I had originally bought the Eduard PE set because it contained a full cockpit (the fujimi kit had decals for the cockpit I believe), but after looking at them versus the kit parts I decided that plastic would be the way to go, because the raised details on the side counsels looked better.

I also had to use the Hasegawa Tub for the front cockpit because it has the nose wheel well attached to it (again more detailed than the Monogram part). I added detail to the side wall on the right hand side in the form of tin foil to represent the cloth map holders on the real thing. I did plan on using the PE instrument panels but I soon found that the front seat panel was too big to fit under the instrument hood (both Hasegawa and Monogram) because it was designed for a different kit, so I ended up using the Hasegawa part (close enough to the TA-4J, only a few dials that were different).

 

 

Also used in the cockpit were the excellent True Details resin ESCAPAC seats, a real bargain at $3-4 a set, a must have for any A-4 kit. After the cockpit was done I joined the halves and then filled in the rear deck and added the resin piece from missing link that is for the hump at the rear of the canopy, the only part I used from the set (the vacuformed canopy was the other part).

Before I finished off the fuselage I checked the fit of the front canopy and relieved I had made a huge mistake, it didn't fit at all. I don't know why I didn't realize this earlier, I was thinking about preserving the Hasegawa detail and somehow forgot that the canopy was a different shape and width than the A-4F canopy. Live and learn. At first I tried to build up the area of the Hasegawa nose to match the canopy. This proved very difficult to get right so on to plan B. Next I cut the area of the Hasegawa part out just behind the nose cone and then matched and cut the corresponding area on my left over Monogram nose (never throw anything away!) and glued into place. I was happy to see the canopy fit correctly but I had to now fill and sand the new seams, which led to another problem. After I had a nice smooth seam from a lot of sanding I went to fit the canopy and found that now it did not fit because I had sanded too much off the sides and it was too narrow!

Can I ever get a break?

 

 

So now I had to build the sides up again to met the canopy. I managed to get it the correct width after several hours of applying super glue and sanding (although I still had some small imperfections) so time to move on. The rest of the kit went together just like any other A-4F kit would, except that it only had one gun (the right side) as all TA-4J's had (or no gun at all). I also detailed the landing gear using electronic and Florist wire.

 

 

Painting and Markings

 

Now for the painting and decals, also something that was non-standard. Because this kit was going to be in a group display of 22-24 planes that is supposed to represent all of the different types of A-4s, I wanted my paint scheme to be for the most typical TA-4J user, Naval training command.

All Naval aviators in the last 25 years or so made their first carrier traps in the TA-4J, so it is a type that is fondly remembered by Naval aviators as giving them their gold wings. As such I did not want to do a aggressor or special scheme (the only decals I could find in 1/48th) instead I felt it important that it be in the scheme that is most remembered. But nobody makes any decals of the VT-7 birds that I could find, so I kept posting a plea on HyperScale's Plane Talking Discussion Group, and finally my friend David Aungst came to my rescue.

For those of you who don't know of David and his amazing work, he is a incredible talent and a great contributor to our hobby. For example he is the driving force and reference source of the great new Cutting Edge A-4M conversions (which I am using on my next A-4s). David offered to make custom decals for VT-7 to fulfill my needs (he wants to do a TA-4J someday also) and since it was mostly black stencils and a White A for the tail (and white numbers for the flaps) it was a relatively easy decal job to do. The other decals were provided in the kit decals (such as stars and bars and warning stencils).

 

 

For those of you who may want to do this jet, David will gladly sell small quantities of the decals (within reason) if you want to contact him or me. Without his help this project would not have been possible, thanks again David!

The paint job was a simple application of Testor's Model Masters white and a custom mixed red for the wings nose and tail, I gloss coated with Future and finished with Testor's Semi-gloss. I did get the plane a bit dirty using the great photos in World Air Power Journal as a guide, they seem to have collected a good amount of staining on the one side due to the gun gases. Some may argue that these planes were kept very clean, but most of the photos I saw showed them as the well used jets they were. Weathering was done with my usual chalk pastel sludge method.

 

 

Finishing Touches

 

Now came all the fiddly bits.

The landing gear was detailed with some wiring and put on as normal for any other A-4. I decided to add some detail to the canopy after seeing my friend Earl's great OA-4M detailed in this manner. He gave me some PE railing left over from a battleship he built that I used for the canopy latches. I removed the one piece rod from the kit canopy actuator and made the correct two separate pistons from a paper clip and florist wire. I realized that if I drilled two holes behind the rear instrument panel (I had built up a support there) and added a piece of wire at the rear of the canopy and a corresponding hole on the hump, I could make a strong but removable canopy (helpful for transporting).

 

 

Also added were PE mirrors and some wiring. For the wings I mounted the two fuel tanks (which seem to be standard for the TA-4J) and the Pitot tube to the nose. I found out through David that TA-4J's had a varied fit of Pitot tubes, either on the nose or tail, his decals were for both versions, I chose this one because of the "USS Forrestal" titles.

 

 

Conclusion

 

All in all this was a nice kit to build, the most time consuming thing being the merger of the forward fuselage, otherwise it built up just like a normal Hasegawa A-4. Until Hasegawa gets around to releasing a TA-4J as the parts trees suggest (there are two control sticks on the sprues for example) this is the only way to build a TA-4J, but not for the faint of heart.

Happy modeling!

 

 

Additional Images

 

Click on the thumbnails below to view larger images:


Model, Images and Text Copyright 2003 by Everett McEwan
Page Created 27 January, 2003
Last Updated 17 March, 2004

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