by Everett McEwan
scale A-4E Skyhawk is available online from
As part of my IMPS chapter's ongoing A-4 Skyhawk group build, I had
to build a TA-4J in 1/48th, problem is there is no current kit or decals
of this plane which means I was going to have to do some kitbashing.
Because of it's excellent detail and accuracy, the 1/48 scale Hasegawa
A-4 kits was chosen by my IMPS chapter (in Denver CO) as the basis for
I decided to use a Monogram OA-4M kit I picked up at a kit swap (just
re-released though in Japan under Hasegawa boxing) to provide the parts
for a two seater (especially the canopy). I did look for the old Fujimi
TA-4J kit but it has long since been discontinued.
To help me with the conversion I also picked up the Missing link
TA-4J conversion set designed for the Monogram kit (from Roll Models)
and the Eduard PE set for the old Fujimi kit. Both of these sets ended
up not being used for very much, but still provided important parts that
would have been hard to scratchbuild.
After collecting all the right parts I sat down to cut and build.
In order to use as much of the Hasegawa kit as possible I cut the
fuselage just forward of the intake hole (where the intake kit part
goes) and just behind the front cockpit hood (which would prove wrong,
but more on that latter). And then I laid parts on top of the Monogram
fuselage and drew an outline of the area that I would be inserting in
between the Hasegawa parts.
Next came a lot of super glue and sanding, constantly checking that
the two halves matched and bracing the back sides of the parts.
Click the thumbnails below
to view larger images:
One area that was difficult was the pipe that runs along the right
hand side from the IFR probe back, when I put the Monogram part in
place, the pipe size did not match up at all. I sanded the Monogram pipe
off and then using plasticard (the flat raised area under it) and
plastic tubbing (both evergreen stock) built up a new pipe that better
matched the Hasegawa pipe (some filling/sanding was needed at the join).
I also began to look at the cockpit parts. I had originally bought the
Eduard PE set because it contained a full cockpit (the fujimi kit had
decals for the cockpit I believe), but after looking at them versus the
kit parts I decided that plastic would be the way to go, because the
raised details on the side counsels looked better.
I also had to use the Hasegawa Tub for the front cockpit because it
has the nose wheel well attached to it (again more detailed than the
Monogram part). I added detail to the side wall on the right hand side
in the form of tin foil to represent the cloth map holders on the real
thing. I did plan on using the PE instrument panels but I soon found
that the front seat panel was too big to fit under the instrument hood
(both Hasegawa and Monogram) because it was designed for a different
kit, so I ended up using the Hasegawa part (close enough to the TA-4J,
only a few dials that were different).
Also used in the cockpit were the excellent True Details resin
ESCAPAC seats, a real bargain at $3-4 a set, a must have for any A-4
kit. After the cockpit was done I joined the halves and then filled in
the rear deck and added the resin piece from missing link that is for
the hump at the rear of the canopy, the only part I used from the set
(the vacuformed canopy was the other part).
Before I finished off the fuselage I checked the fit of the front
canopy and relieved I had made a huge mistake, it didn't fit at all. I
don't know why I didn't realize this earlier, I was thinking about
preserving the Hasegawa detail and somehow forgot that the canopy was a
different shape and width than the A-4F canopy. Live and learn. At first
I tried to build up the area of the Hasegawa nose to match the canopy.
This proved very difficult to get right so on to plan B. Next I cut the
area of the Hasegawa part out just behind the nose cone and then matched
and cut the corresponding area on my left over Monogram nose (never
throw anything away!) and glued into place. I was happy to see the
canopy fit correctly but I had to now fill and sand the new seams, which
led to another problem. After I had a nice smooth seam from a lot of
sanding I went to fit the canopy and found that now it did not fit
because I had sanded too much off the sides and it was too narrow!
Can I ever get a break?
So now I had to build the sides up again to met the canopy. I managed
to get it the correct width after several hours of applying super glue
and sanding (although I still had some small imperfections) so time to
move on. The rest of the kit went together just like any other A-4F kit
would, except that it only had one gun (the right side) as all TA-4J's
had (or no gun at all). I also detailed the landing gear using
electronic and Florist wire.
Now for the painting and decals, also something that was
non-standard. Because this kit was going to be in a group display of
22-24 planes that is supposed to represent all of the different types of
A-4s, I wanted my paint scheme to be for the most typical TA-4J user,
Naval training command.
All Naval aviators in the last 25 years or so made their first
carrier traps in the TA-4J, so it is a type that is fondly remembered by
Naval aviators as giving them their gold wings. As such I did not want
to do a aggressor or special scheme (the only decals I could find in
1/48th) instead I felt it important that it be in the scheme that is
most remembered. But nobody makes any decals of the VT-7 birds that I
could find, so I kept posting a plea on HyperScale's Plane Talking
Discussion Group, and finally my friend David Aungst came to my rescue.
For those of you who don't know of David and his amazing work, he is
a incredible talent and a great contributor to our hobby. For example he
is the driving force and reference source of the great new Cutting Edge
A-4M conversions (which I am using on my next A-4s). David offered to
make custom decals for VT-7 to fulfill my needs (he wants to do a TA-4J
someday also) and since it was mostly black stencils and a White A for
the tail (and white numbers for the flaps) it was a relatively easy
decal job to do. The other decals were provided in the kit decals (such
as stars and bars and warning stencils).
For those of you who may want to do this jet, David will gladly sell
small quantities of the decals (within reason) if you want to contact
him or me. Without his help this project would not have been possible,
thanks again David!
The paint job was a simple application of Testor's Model Masters
white and a custom mixed red for the wings nose and tail, I gloss coated
with Future and finished with Testor's Semi-gloss. I did get the plane a
bit dirty using the great photos in World Air Power Journal as a guide,
they seem to have collected a good amount of staining on the one side
due to the gun gases. Some may argue that these planes were kept very
clean, but most of the photos I saw showed them as the well used jets
they were. Weathering was done with my usual chalk pastel sludge method.
Now came all the fiddly bits.
The landing gear was detailed with some wiring and put on as normal
for any other A-4. I decided to add some detail to the canopy after
seeing my friend Earl's great OA-4M detailed in this manner. He gave me
some PE railing left over from a battleship he built that I used for the
canopy latches. I removed the one piece rod from the kit canopy actuator
and made the correct two separate pistons from a paper clip and florist
wire. I realized that if I drilled two holes behind the rear instrument
panel (I had built up a support there) and added a piece of wire at the
rear of the canopy and a corresponding hole on the hump, I could make a
strong but removable canopy (helpful for transporting).
Also added were PE mirrors and some wiring. For the wings I mounted
the two fuel tanks (which seem to be standard for the TA-4J) and the
Pitot tube to the nose. I found out through David that TA-4J's had a
varied fit of Pitot tubes, either on the nose or tail, his decals were
for both versions, I chose this one because of the "USS Forrestal"
All in all this was a nice kit to build, the most time consuming
thing being the merger of the forward fuselage, otherwise it built up
just like a normal Hasegawa A-4. Until Hasegawa gets around to releasing
a TA-4J as the parts trees suggest (there are two control sticks on the
sprues for example) this is the only way to build a TA-4J, but not for
the faint of heart.
Click on the thumbnails
below to view larger images:
Model, Images and Text Copyright © 2003 by
Page Created 27 January, 2003
Last Updated 17 March, 2004
Back to HyperScale